Melinda Fowler
  • Doctor of Philosophy, University of California, Santa Cruz, Calif., 2012
  • Master of Science, Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, Calif., 2006
  • Bachelor of Science, Southampton College of Long Island University, Southampton, N.Y., 2003

Research Interests

  • Physiological ecology
  • Investigations of fuel metabolism in fasting marine mammals
  • Physiological costs of reproduction in songbirds
  • Foraging and social behavior in seals, sea lions, and songbirds

Courses Taught

  • Anatomy and Physiology Concepts
  • Bioscience
  • Animal Biology
  • Introduction to Biology
  • Evolution

Selected Works


  • San Jose Mercury; 'Exciting' find on seals. published Jan 2016
  • Santa Cruz Sentinal; Scientists study fat burn in elephant seals at Año Nuevo State Park, published Jan 2016. 
  • Invited speaker, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, Surrey, BC. ‘From Seals to Songbirds: Comparative Metabolic Physiology’. July 2014.
  • Les Ecologiste Seminar Series invited presentation, Simon Fraser University. Oral presentation: ‘From Seals to Songbirds: A Story of Comparative Physiology’. October 2013.


  • Fowler, M; Debier, C; Champagne, CD, Crocker, DE, Costa, DP. (2016) The demands of lactation promote differential regulation of lipid stores in fasting elephant seals. General and Comparative Endocrinology. 225:125-132.
  • Fowler, M; Williams, TD. (2015) Individual variability in parental workload and breeding productivity: is the payoff worth it? Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. 5(17): 3583-3599. doi:10.1002/ece3.1625
  • Fowler, M; Kraemer, R; Shen, W-J; Crocker, DE, Costa, DP (2015) Hormone sensitive lipase and adipose triglyceride lipase in fasting and lactating northern elephant seals. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology. 88(3):284-294. doi: 10.1086/680079.
  • Williams, TD, Fowler, M. (2015) Individual variation in workload during parental care: can we detect a physiological signature of quality or cost of reproduction? Journal of Ornithology.1:11.doi: 10.1007/s10336-015-1213-6.
  • Williams, TD; Bourgeon, S; Cornell, A; Ferguson, L; Fowler, M, Fronstin, RB; Love, OP. (2014) Mid-winter temperatures, not spring temperatures, predicts breeding phenology in the European starling Sturnus vulgaris. Royal Society Open Science. 2(140301)
  • Crocker, DE; Champagne, CD; Fowler, MA; Houser, DS. (2014) Adiposity and fat metabolism in lactating and fasting northern elephant seals. Advances in Nutrition. 5:57-64.
  • Crocker, DE; Fowler, MA; Champagne, CD; Vanderlugt, AL; Houser, DS. (2014) Metabolic response to a glucagon challenge varies with adiposity and life-history stage in fasting northern elephant seals. General and Comparative Endocrinology. 195 (99-106)
  • Fowler, M; Debier, C; Crocker, DE; Costa, DP. (2013) Fatty acid mobilization and comparison to milk fatty acid content in northern elephant seals. Journal of Comparative Physiology Part B. 184(1): 125-135. DOI 10.1007/s00360-013-0787-7