This guide has been created to formalize and standardize editorial practices for communications at Springfield College.

This set of style guidelines should be used as the first reference and are supplemented by The Associate Press Stylebook and The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language.

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Y  Z  

Publication Guidelines | Photography Guidelines




As a rule, avoid abbreviations. See “states” entry for accepted state abbreviations. Do not use postal abbreviations, except in addresses that include zip codes.

academic abbreviations

Use the degree only on the first reference and never precede a name with a courtesy title when following with an academic degree abbreviation. Only utilize terminal degrees as academic abbreviations. Do not include periods in degree abbreviations. Use only after full name and offset with a comma. Do not use “Dr.” unless the individual holds a doctoral degree in medicine, dental surgery, optometry, osteopathic medicine, podiatric medicine, or veterinary medicine.

YES: Mimi Murray, PhD, is a professor of exercise science and sports studies.


In general, avoid acronyms, unless universally recognized. Do not refer to Springfield College as “SC,” and spell out names of programs, schools, groups, majors, and campus organizations every time. The “NCAA” is the only exception to this rule.


Refer to the offices separately.

YES: Office of Undergraduate Admissions, Office of Graduate Admissions

NO: Office of Admissions


Use the abbreviations Ave., Blvd., St., only with numbered addresses. Always use numerals for an address number. Use numerals for buildings, highways, and room numbers. Capitalize "room" when used with a figure.

YES: 263 Alden St. She was staying in Room 5.

Lowercase and spell out when used with more than one street name.

YES: Alden and King streets

Spell out street numbered from 1-10.

YES: 245 Fifth St.

Use figures with two letters for 10th and above

YES: 139 53rd St.


Not adviser.


All-America, All-American

all-time, all time

Use “all-time” when referring to a record.

YES: All-time high

Use “all time” for all other statements.

YES: He was the greatest running back of all time.


Alumna is feminine singular. Alumnae is feminine plural. Alumnus is masculine singular. Alumni is unisex plural. “Alum” is singular and may be used in informal work.

YES: Megan is an alumna of Springfield College. Jillian and Patricia are alumnae of Springfield College. Mark is an alumnus of Springfield College. Steven and Kayla are alumni of Springfield College.

ampersand (&)

Never use “&” unless part of an official name.


Capitalize name of award, but do not capitalize the term "award" unless it is part of the official title. Do not italicize or put in quotation marks. 

YES: Lorelai Gilmore received the Innovative Entrepreneur award for her work on The Dragonfly Inn.


Birthplace of Basketball®

Capitalize, always include a registered trademark.


When speaking of a culture, ethnicity, or group of people, the name should be capitalized. (Read more.)


Blogs can be written in first person. It is acceptable to refer to those as they would be referred to in casual conversation. Courtesy titles are permitted.

YES: Dr. Barkman and I had a conversation about the class. Mr. Roulier gave us a tour of the Office of Communications.

Board of Trustees

The Springfield College Board of Trustees is capitalized in either its full title or as “Board of Trustees.” “Board” and “Trustee,” when used as courtesy title, are capitalized. Boards of trustees for other organizations are lowercase.

YES: The Springfield College Board of Trustees is chaired by Trustee Gregory Toczydlowski. The Board has been instrumental to the College. Toczydlowski also serves on the Mercy Medical Center board of trustees.

Building Names

Official Springfield College building names are as follows.

Abbey-Appleton Hall Administration Building
Admissions Alumni Hall
Athletic Training/Exercise Science Facility Babson Library
Brennan Center Cheney Hall
Flynn Campus Union Fuller Arts Center
Graduate Village Health Sciences Center
Herbert P. Blake Hall Hickory Hall
International Hall Judd Gymnasia
Kakley Graduate Annex Lakeside Hall
Living Center Loveland Chapel (Child Development Center)
Locklin Hall Marsh Memorial
Massasoit Hall Physical Education Complex
President's Residence Pueblo (East Campus)
Reed Hall Schoo-Bemis Science Center
Senior Suites Towne Health Center
Townhouses Weiser Hall
Wellness & Recreation Complex  

Official names of commonly used Springfield College rooms, facilities, and athletics fields are as follows.

Academic Success Center (Hickory Hall) Amos Alonzo Stagg Field
Appleton Auditorium (Fuller Arts Center) Appleton Tennis Courts
Berry-Allen Field Bistro (Flynn Campus Union)
Blake Arena Blake Track
Career Center (Flynn Campus Union) Carlisle Foyer (Alumni Hall)
Cheney Hall Dining Rooms A and B Cleveland E. and Phyllis B. Dodge Room (Flynn Campus Union)
Dana Gymnasium (Physical Education Complex) Doggett International Center (Flynn Campus Union)
Douglas Parker Wrestling Room (Physical Education Complex) Father Leo Hoar Meditation Room
Field House Harold C. Smith Room (Judd Gymnasia)
Helen Davis Blake Conference Room (Marsh Memorial) Irv Schmid Sports Complex
James Naismith Court John M. Wilson Lounge (Flynn Campus Union)
Kresge Gym (Physical Education Complex) MacLean Terrace
Marsh Memorial Chapel Medical Simulation Lab (Blake Hall)
Naismith Green Potter Field
Rugby Field Stitzer YMCA Center (Judd Gymnasia)
Townhouse Conference Room Union Station
Visual Arts Center Wellness Center
William Blizard Gallery (Blake Hall)  


If bullets are complete, free-standing sentences, end them with periods. If bullets are fragments, do not include periods. Try to keep bullets uniform­­–either complete sentences or fragments. Capitalize the first word in each bullet.



Capitals should be used grammatically, not graphically or for emphasis, with the exception of offices and departments. Do not capitalize the names of programs, majors, or minors. Lowercase the common noun elements of names in all plural issues.

YES: I drove down Main and State streets. She wants to learn more about the communications/sports journalism major.

When a term is used in plural either before or after more than one proper name, the term should be capitalized in the singular form and in the same position it would be recognized as part of each name.

YES: Smith, Williams, and Springfield College

certificate of advanced graduate study

See “graduation years" entry.


Only capitalize “championships” when using the official title.

YES: Kevin Coyle won the long jump at the Eastern College Athletic Conference (ECAC) Division III Outdoor Track and Field Championships.

“Championship” is used when there is just one title at stake. “Championships” is used when both a team and individual can win a title at an event.

YES: The men's basketball team will be vying for the New England Men’s and Women’s Athletic Conference Championship on Sunday. Springfield hosts the New England Men's Indoor Track and Field Championships this weekend.

check-in, check in

Check-in is to be used as a noun or adjective. Check in is to be used as a verb.

YES: Sam went to check in for the conference. Sam met Sally at check-in.


Class of

Capitalize “Class of.”

YES: Class of 2015

Class years

Refer to students as first-year students, sophomores, juniors, seniors, and graduate students. Do not use the year of graduation prior to a student completing his or her degree. Further information is available under the "graduation years" entry.


Lowercase in all uses as a job description. Do not use as a courtesy title. When referring to an individual’s title, utilize the guidelines listed under “Titles (of people).”

YES: Men’s Football Coach Mike Delong has a great record. Delong graduated from Springfield College.

NO: Coach Delong showed me how to run that play.



colleges and universities (multiple campuses)

For other, non-Springfield College college and university names, consult with the college or university website to determine whether its flagship campus requires a reference to its location. 

YES: Judith Kelliher graduated from the University of Massachusetts Amherst. 


When introducing a list, try to avoid using a colon. One way to avoid the colon is to make the introducing statement a complete sentence.

YES: The instructions include the following.


Include commas in a complete series, including before “and.”

YES: The flag is red, white, and blue.


Only capitalize when using in formal name.

YES: He has been asked to be on the Presidential Search Committee.


When comparing amounts, always use “more than.” Do not use “over.”

YES: There were more than 5,000 people in attendance.



When referring to something occurring multiple years in a row, use “consecutive.” Do not use the word “straight.”

YES: The men’s team won the tournament for eight-consecutive years.



Two items or people.

course names

Capitalize official course names.




Capitalize days of the week. Spell out each month when no numeric date follows. When a numeric date follows, shorten names as shown: Jan., Feb., March, April, May, June, July, Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov., and Dec. DESIGN EXCEPTION: On invitations and save the date cards where date is standing alone, full month names are acceptable.

YES: Basketball was invented in December 1891. Sept. 11, 2011, was a tragic day. Labor Day is Sept. 5 this year. The Hoophall Classic takes place every January.

When referring to a month and year, do not use the word “of” (e.g., “March of 2009”). You can use “of” for seasons (e.g., “summer of 1969”).

Use a hyphen for range of dates, including years.

YES: Aug. 3-5, 1996, 1994-99


Dashes should be set tight (no space on either side of the dash). Use an em dash (insert two hyphens and then begin typing next word without a space).

YES: Rick ordered a salad—a rarity for this steak lover—at Casa Palmero.



Use decimals for scores where appropriate. Be consistent.


Refer to The Associated Press Stylebook entry “academic degrees” when utilizing degree titles. Refer to “academic degrees,” 15.21-22 in The Chicago Manual of Style for abbreviations of academic degrees. Lowercase and use an apostrophe in bachelor’s degree, a master’s, etc. Capitalize and do not use an apostrophe in Bachelor of Arts, Master of Science, etc. When writing out degrees, they should be listed by year received, with most the most recent degree last. Do not use pronouns preceding the degrees. If a person has their doctorate, they should be listed with that acronym following his or her name. Do not use “Dr.” preceding a name unless the individual holds a doctoral degree in medicine, dental surgery, optometry, osteopathic medicine, podiatric medicine, or veterinary medicine.

YES: Mimi Murray, PhD, earned bachelor’s and master’s degrees at Springfield College. Mimi Murray, PhD, earned a Master of Science degree in physical education.

departments and offices

Capitalize. Refer to specific departments as “Department of” and specific offices as “Office of.”

YES: Kathy Mangano chairs the Department of Physical Education and Health Education. Kelly Gonya works in the Office of Communications.            

Department of Public Safety

Not “campus safety.” Campus safety should be used when discussing being safe on campus.

Distinguished Springfield Professor of Humanics


The College has five divisions. These are to be acknowledged as divisions and not offices or departments. The names of divisions are as follows:

  • Division of Academic Affairs
  • Division of Development and Alumni Relations
  • Division of Finance and Administration
  • Division of Inclusion and Community Engagement
  • Division of Student Affairs

Division III

dos and donts


The title “Dr.” is only used for individuals who hold a doctoral degree in medicine, dental surgery, optometry, osteopathic medicine, podiatric medicine, or veterinary medicine. All others should have the degree listed after their name on first reference and be referred to by last name alone subsequently.

YES: Julia Chevan, PhD, went to Rwanda. Chevan is a Fulbright Scholar.


East Campus

Eastern College Athletic Association (ECAC)


ex officio

exclamation points (!)

Try not to use them. If use is absolutely necessary, use only one.



When encouraging people to connect with you on Facebook in text, ask them to like your page. Do not use a URL to refer individuals to your Facebook page. Instead, ask them to like the name of your page.

When outlining your Facebook page contact information in print or Web pieces, use the social media icon and name of the Facebook page. Do not use the link.


Facebook logo Springfield College

NO: Like us on Facebook at


In plural usage it stands alone. For singular, use faculty member.


An indefinitely small number of persons or things (typically three to 10).

fewer or less

Fewer should be used with individual items, less for quantity or bulk. Refer to “fewer, less” entry in The A.P. Stylebook for details.

field goal


Flynn Campus Union

foul shot


Avoid. Use “first-year student” or “rookie” for athletics stories.

Friends of Springfield College Athletics

Use as a plural, collective term.

full time (noun), full-time (adjective)

fundraising, fund-raising, fundraiser

When using as noun, use one word. When using as a compound modifier, hyphenate (fund-raising).

YES: Kelly will make a schedule for the fund-raising campaign. Bill is organizing the fundraiser.



grades (academic)

Capitalize (A, B-, C+). Use an apostrophe when plural. Do not use quotation marks.

YES: Malcolm got a B+ on his paper. Gina got straight A’s.

grades (school years)

When describing a range of grades, use numerals and a dash. When talking about a single grade, write out the numeral.

YES: The study focuses on grades 5-8. Amelia could play chess in first grade.

graduation years

Following name, use a backwards apostrophe (’) and the last two numerals of the graduation year. For graduates from the 1800s or from before 1920, write “Class of,” followed by the full year. For advanced degrees, put a capital G before the apostrophe. For honorary degrees, put a capital H before the apostrophe. Do not put a space after the G (for advanced degrees), the H (for honorary degrees), or the doctoral acronym when denoting a graduation year. Use a comma between degrees for multiple degree recipients. Use a comma before the G when advanced degree information follows an individual’s name. Include degree, certification, or licensure before graduation years when relevant.

  • Bachelor’s degree: Kerri Vautour ’07
  • Bachelor’s and master’s degree: Richard Veres ’95, G’97
  • Master’s degree: Jane Vottero, G’10
  • Terminal degree from Springfield College: Irene Cucina, DPE’99
  • Terminal and undergrad/grad degrees from Springfield College: Lynn Couturier ’81, DPE’86
  • Terminal degree not from Springfield College: Shawn Ladda, EdD, G’85;
  • Lynn Johnson, EdD, ’77, G’85
  • Bachelor’s and master’s degree with other professional designation: Michael Boyle, ATC, ’81, G’82
  • Honorary degree: Sally Griggs H’12
  • Earned degrees and honorary degree: Timothy Mutphy ’78, ’79, H’12
  • Certificate of advanced graduate study: Bob Mackie, G’09, CAGS’11

Triangle class notes

Class notes are listed by year. Bachelor’s degree recipients are listed under the year with no year after their name:

Kerri Vautour’s dog was voted “best dog ever” by Dog Fancy magazine.

Postgraduate degree recipients (with no Springfield College bachelor’s degree) are listed with a (G) in parentheses to denote degree:

Jane Vottero (G) has an impressive collection of chickens.

Graduates with both bachelor’s and postgraduate degrees are listed under their undergraduate year, with their graduate year in parentheses:

Charlie Brock (G’80) has coached the basketball team for many years.

Graduates with a terminal degree from the College (with no Springfield College bachelor’s or other advanced degree) are listed under their graduation year with their academic abbreviation following their name in parentheses:

John Smith (DPT) is a physical therapist in Maryland.

Graduates with a terminal degree and a bachelor’s or advanced degree from Springfield College should be listed under their undergraduate or advanced degree graduation year, with the terminal degree and year in parentheses:

Michelle Moosbrugger (PhD’06) teaches at Springfield College.

If a class note includes more than one alumnus, and they have different graduation years, choose one (usually the submitter) to list the note under. Graduation years for others are listed after their names, with no parentheses.

Kathy Mangano (G’88) heads the physical education department. Ted France '91, G’93, also teaches in the department.

Gymnastics Exhibition Show

On second reference the home show is acceptable.



Keep hashtags lowercase. If utilizing a hashtag in reference to the College, use #springfieldcollege.


In headlines, the first letter of each word should be capitalized, unless it’s a preposition and not the first word.

hyphens in headlines

Keep the second word of a hyphenated phrase lowercase, unless the second word is a proper noun.

YES: Full-time Teachers Earn More Money. Non-English Speaking Students Win Awards.

health care

high school sports

When referring to a specific team comprised of one gender, use boys’ and girls’.

YES: The boys’ basketball team won the championship.




YES: Springfield College is driven by the Humanics philosophy.

Humanics in Action Day

Springfield College initiated Humanics in Action Day in September 1998. It was the idea of Distinguished Springfield Professor of Humanics Peter Polito and leaders of the New Student Orientation program to revive and expand an event described in the 1918 Springfield College yearbook. In the college’s early years, student work groups volunteered to improve the developing campus. Since 1998, Humanics in Action Day has been a day of service to the local community.

hyphens (adjectives)

Hyphenate two-word combinations that serve as adjectives. See “headlines” entry.

YES: He is a full-time employee. He works full time.

hyphens (prefixes)

Use prefixes as one word unless the prefix ends with the same letter that the base word begins. See “headlines” entry.

YES: Cocurricular. Interdisciplinary. Inter-relationships.



Identification card. Do not use “I.D.”

Illegal immigrant

Do not use. Use "undocumented immigrant" when appropriate. 


Include a comma before “Inc.” This is an exception to Associated Press style.


When encouraging people to connect with you on Instagram in text, ask them to follow you. Keep your username lowercase and utilize the @ symbol before the username.

When outlining your Instagram account contact information in print or Web pieces, use the social media icon and handle of your Instagram account. Do not use the link.



NO: Follow us on Instagram at



James Naismith

Instructor, not professor or student. Do not refer to him as Dr. James Naismith.

junior, senior

Abbreviate as Jr. and Sr. only with full names. Do not precede with a comma.


Latina, Latino

Learning in Later Life



majors, minors, and concentrations

Do not capitalize.

YES: He is in the youth development major. She is minoring in psychology.

MacLean Terrace

MassMutual Center


Not 12 a.m.

movement and sports studies


Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame


Refer to The Associated Press Stylebook for use of names. Exception: First names may be used after first reference in testimonial or profile pieces, with deliberate intention.


Not NCAA’s.

New England Women’s and Men’s Athletic Conference (NEWMAC)

Use full name in first reference. Never say “NEWMAC conference.” The “C” in NEWMAC stands for “conference,” so adding another “conference” makes it redundant.


Not 12 noon or 12 p.m.


Spell out numbers one through nine. Use numerals for 10 and above. Always use numerals for ages. See “grades” for exceptions. If a numeral begins a sentence, spell it out, unless it’s a year. If possible, restructure the sentence so the year is not at the beginning. To denote a fraction (half, quarter, etc.), use symbol (½) with space between symbol and numeral.

YES: The department welcomed three new faculty members. The faculty consists of 24 professors. Bob Billups is 5 years old. Twelve drummers are in the band. She worked on the project for 10 ½ months. 2014 was a great year.


off-campus, on-campus

Both are adjectives.

YES: The event will be on the campus. Let’s go to the on-campus event.


See “departments and offices” entry.


Not “okay” or “O.K.”


Capitalize all references to the international athletic contests.


ordinal numbers

Spell our ordinal numbers (first, second, tenth), except when the numerals are 10 or higher. In these instances, ordinal indicators (st, nth, nd, rd) should be written as superscripts.

YES: The students came in first place in the competition. This is the director’s second year leading the event. Mary-Beth Cooper, PhD, DM, is the 13th president of Springfield College. This year, the club will celebrate its 25th anniversary.



Follow “numerals” guidelines; use numerals for decimals. Write “percent.”

YES: The pass rate is 60.7 percent.


Use one space after a period or other form of punctuation.

physical education

Not “phys. ed.” or “PE.”

Post Office Box

Spell out—don’t use P.O. Box—if there is no number. If it’s part of an address, P.O. Box is OK.



Do not hyphenate unless following word begins with a vowel or if the two words combined would create a new word.



president’s title

Mary-Beth Cooper, PhD, DM, president of Springfield College. Cooper is the 13th president of Springfield College and took office on Sept. 1, 2013.

the Pride

Only use in reference to athletics teams after 1995. Use “Springfield College” or “the College” for teams before that period. The Pride is singular. See “team” entry.

program names

Only capitalize if the full name of the program is used with "Springfield College" before it. Do not capitalize the word “program” in those instances. Do not use the word "program" in place of the word “major,” “minor,” or “department.” Refer to academic disciplines as majors, except when referring to graduate programs, dual degree programs, dual certification programs, and pre-professional programs. Lowercase majors and minors. Subsets/focuses of majors are referred to as concentrations.

Exception: Program names that are normally capitalized (e.g., English).

YES: She teaches in the Springfield College Athletic Training/Doctor of Physical Therapy Dual Degree program. He is part of the Springfield College Premedical Scholars program.

NO: He is part of the Dual Certification in Physical Education and Health/Family and Consumer Sciences Program.

proper nouns

Proper nouns receive capitalization. In the case of a professional title, Springfield College Legal Counsel Chris Neronha would be correct, but "college legal counsel" is not a proper noun. In our style guide, we make exceptions for the five schools, departments, offices, and the words Board, Trustees, and College when they refer specifically to our own. So fall is not capitalized (it's a noun, but not proper; the Fall refers to the Fall of Adam and Eve), west is not capitalized (here it is an adjective, indicating place. It is capitalized when it refers to the West of the United States, the Occident--countries in the Western Hemisphere, etc.)

public schools

Capitalize when name of city or town precedes it.

YES: The program will target Springfield Public School students. She attended a public school.

NO: The program will target Springfield public school students. She attended a Public School.

Pueblo, East Campus


quotation marks

Punctuation goes inside the quotation marks.

YES: Anne said, “We need to increase the photo size.”



Use “No.” and numerals when providing a ranking or write out.

YES: The Pride was No. 1 in the nation. They defeated second-ranked Amherst.

NO: The Pride was #1 in the nation. They defeated 2nd ranked Amherst.


Use figures and hyphens.

YES: The student to faculty member ratio is 13-to-1.

residence halls

Not dorm or dormitory.

regional campuses

Regional campuses for the School of Professional and Continuing Studies should be identified in the following ways.

  • Springfield College Boston
  • Springfield College Houston
  • Springfield College Milwaukee
  • Springfield College St. Johnsbury
  • School of Professional and Continuing Studies, Springfield Campus
  • Springfield College Tampa Bay
  • Springfield College Wilmington


Reunion Weekend*, Reunion 2012*, 50th reunion (*when referring to the Springfield College event).


On invitations, please use RSVP, not Rsvp. 


School of Arts, Sciences, and Professional Studies

School of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation

School of Health Sciences and Rehabilitation Studies

School of Professional and Continuing Studies

When mentioning a specific campus, refer to the “regional campuses” entry. Capitalize “school” when referring to School of Professional and Continuing Studies at any time.

school names

Capitalize school names, as well as the word “school” in specific reference.

YES: Anne Herzog is the dean of the School of Arts, Sciences, and Professional Studies. The School offers an active visual and performing arts program.

School of Social Work


Place semicolons outside of quotation marks. Refer to The Association Press Stylebook punctuation guide.

semifinals, semifinalists

serial comma

Use a serial comma.

YES: The flag is red, white, and blue.

sexist language

Avoid whenever possible. Avoid the use of freshman, coed, and chairman, as well as “fellow” when used as a synonym for other. Use first-year student, chair of the board, chairperson, etc.


When encouraging people to connect with you on Snapchat in text, ask them to follow you. Keep your username lowercase. Posts on Snapchat are called "snaps" in the same way that posts on Twitter are called "tweets." 

When outlining your Snapchat account contact information in print or Web pieces, use the social media icon and handle of your Snapchat account. 



NO: Follow us on Snapchat at spfldcollege.

social media

When outlining the social media accounts, list them as follows. When a department or office has more than the below outlined accounts, list the additional accounts at the bottom. See specific social media platform entries for further information.


Double spaces are no longer included after a period in a sentence. They were necessary when using typesetting or a typewriter because these both used monospace type. Now, however, word processing programs use proportional type, and double spaces no longer enhance readability. 

spirit, mind, and body

When possible, use this phrase in conjunction with “in leadership for service to others.”

Springfield College

Only refer to the College as Springfield College or the College. Capitalize “College” following the word “the” in specific reference to Springfield College. Do not personify the College. Instead, include the word “the” preceding “Springfield.” Be selective and mindful of multiple meanings of adjectives used before “Springfield College.” Do not refer to Springfield College using the "SC."

YES: Final exams are difficult for college students. The College has tutoring programs to help. He was part of the Springfield College Class of 2012.

NO: He was part of Springfield College’s Class of 2012.

Springfield College former names

Use only when necessary and relevant.

1885 School for Christian Workers
1890 YMCA Training School
1891-1911  International YMCA Training School
1912  International YMCA College
1954    Springfield College

Springfield College AmeriCorps Program

staff and faculty

Staff and faculty stand alone without the word “members.” Use member to make singular.

YES: The faculty is invited. The staff is invited. The new staff member is named Stephanie.


Shorten using guidelines below unless state name is part of larger name (e.g., Massachusetts Department of Corrections). Do not use postal abbreviations unless in address.

Ala. Alaska Ariz. Ark. Calif.
Colo. Conn. Del. Fla. Ga.
Hawaii Idaho Ill. Ind. Iowa
Kan. Ky. La. Maine Md.
Mass. Mich. Minn. Miss. Mo.
Mont. Neb. Nev. N.H. N.J.
N.M. N.Y. N.C. N.D. Ohio
Okla. Ore. Pa. R.I. S.C.
S.D. Tenn. Texas Utah Vt.
Va. Wash. W.Va. Wis. Wyo.



students, faculty, staff, and alumni

When there is not a specific intended audience, students should come first.

Student Government Association

Abbreviate as “SGA.” Spell out in first reference, use abbreviation in subsequent references.



Watch agreement. Team is singular.

YES: The volleyball team won its game.

NO: The volleyball team won their game.


telephone number

Put area code in parenthesis. Do not use just the extension.

YES: (413) 965-0460, (800) 748-3124

NO: 413.965.0460, 800-748-3124


Show in numerals. Exact hours are solitary numbers. Times are expressed in a.m. or p.m. Noon and midnight are expressed with words. Do not repeat a.m./p.m. for like times. In these instances, use a hyphen to separate time span. When showing time span from a.m. to p.m. or vice versa, use “to.”

YES: The show begins at noon and ends at 2:30 p.m. A second seating begins at 4 p.m.

NO: The show begins at 12:00 and ends at 2:30PM. A second seating begins at 4:00 PM.

YES: 5-6 p.m., 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.

NO: 5 p.m.-6p.m.

titles (general)

Do not capitalize general titles unless associated with a name (See “titles (of people”).

YES: Those who become program directors will get a raise. Elizabeth was an academic coach at the high school.

titles (of people)

Capitalize when before the name, lowercase afterward.

YES: Graphic Designer Anne Fischer. Anne Fischer, graphic designer.

titles (of publications)

Books, journal titles, plays, movies, and other freestanding works (e.g., sculpture titles) are italicized. Titles of articles, presentation titles, and other shorter works are in quotes.

YES: Robert Lussier published “How to Teach Business” in Business Teaching Quarterly.

triathlon, triathlete


When encouraging people to connect with you on Twitter, ask them to follow you. Keep your username lowercase and utilize the @ symbol before the username.

When outlining your Twitter account contact information in print or Web pieces, use the social media icon and name of the Twitter account. Do not use the link.



NO: Follow us on Twitter at


upper class vs. upper-class

Hyphenate when compound modifier. Do not use "upperclassman."

YES: She is a member of the upper class. She is an upper-class student.


Do not capitalize any part of the URL. Do not precede a link with “www” or “http://.” All links should be concluded with .com, .edu, .gov, .org, etc.

YES: Visit for more information. Learn more at


vice presidents

When writing about a vice president, utilize the word “for” to indicate the area he or she oversees.

YES: As vice president for student affairs, she will be in charge of numerous offices.


Washington, D.C.

widows and orphans

Eliminate widows and orphans. A widow is one word or less on a line. An orphan is one line from a paragraph stranded on the top or bottom of a column.

website, Web page

Website refers to the overarching site structure, while Web page refers to the sub sections. For example, is the website and is a Web page.

World Wide Web, Web



Use numerals when describing years. Do not put an apostrophe before the “s.” Apostrophes stand in for missing letters or express possessive only. Use hyphens when separating consecutive years within the same decade.

YES: He was born in the 1980s. She served in the military from 1992-95. Matthew prepared materials for the 2015-16 academic year.

NO: He was born in the 1980’s. She served in the military from 1992-1992.


When encouraging people to connect with you on YouTube in text, ask them to subscribe to your channel.

When outlining your YouTube page contact information in print or Web pieces, use the social media icon and name of the YouTube page. Do not use the link.



NO: Subscribe to us on YouTube at


ZIP code


Publication Guidelines


Accuracy: The Office of Communications checks submissions for accuracy. However, individuals who submit to Laurels are ultimately responsible for the veracity of their submissions. 

Article Titles: All journal articles should be written in sentence case. That is, the first letter of the title—as well as all proper nouns, and the first word after a colon—should be capitalized, while the rest of the letters should be lowercase.

YES: John Smith, PhD, published "The art of education: An examination of art in the classroom" in Journal of Art Therapy in March 2017.

Dates: Whenever possible, include the month and year for each submission. Do not include the full date. 

Degrees: Terminal degrees, such as PhD, DPE, PsyD, shall be listed after an individual's names. Master's or bachelor's degrees will not be included. 

Names: Names of faculty, staff, students, or departments should be bolded. Department names should be used only if no individual is named in the item. These items should also be boldface in names of scholarship and award titles.

YES: Jane Doe was the recipient of the Athletic Trainers of Massachusetts District I Charles J. Redmond Scholarship.

Titles: Only official College titles will be used in the publication. Courtesy titles should not be used. For faculty members who have multiple titles, their academic (professor) title will be listed first, followed by other titles.


Titles and degrees: Refer to academic degrees and doctor entries in The Associated Press Stylebook. Academic and doctoral titles are not used in Class News and Notes.

Faculty and staff alumni: Names of faculty and staff members who are Springfield College alumni should always be followed by their class year.

Graduation years: In Class News and Notes and Memoriam, items are printed under chronologically listed class years for undergraduate degree recipients. See the “graduation years” entry.

Alumni of Springfield College graduate programs only are listed under the year they received their degree with a (G) following their name. (Applies to Memoriam, as well.)

YES: 1960
Rod Stewart (G) was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

NO: Rod Stewart G’60 was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Alumni who have received two graduate degrees should have both listed after their name and be categorized under the earlier year.

YES: 1982
Macie Carlisle (G’82, G’84) is the head coach of the Oceanview Seniors volleyball team in Naples, Fla.      

Alumni who have received a terminal degree and an undergraduate or master’s degree from the College should be categorized under the earliest degree’s year, with the terminal degree denoted by its abbreviation. If the terminal degree is the only one received, categorize the individual under the year received and place abbreviation after their name.

YES: 2000
Michelle Moosbrugger (PhD’06) teaches at Springfield College.

John Smith (DPT) has the largest banjo collection in New England.

Births: List alumna/us first. If both parents are alumni, include only maiden name with wife’s name.

YES: A son, Christopher Michael (Nov. 15, 2012), to Jennifer (Bazin) ‘05 and Jason Marcott ‘04.

In Memoriam: List name, place of residence, and date of death.

YES: 1960
Leslie Nielsen, Fort Lauderdale, Fla., Nov. 28, 2010.


Identification: Individuals within images should be properly identified within photo captions.


  • The people in the photo want to be recognized and acknowledged for their work. This is their 15 seconds of fame.
  • It is proper journalistic style to identify people in photos.
  • It tells the complete story. Without it, something is missing.
  • Research shows photo captions with identification are actually viewed at longer than those without.

Captions: Photo captions should properly identify each individual listed in the image, and note their location, from left to right. Only use “from left.” The “above” and “below” reference only has to be used when there are images in close proximity on the page.

YES: Jane Vottero, from left, Cait Penndorf, and Damon Markiewicz cheer their director, Steve Roulier, on bike, as he trains for the IronMan Championship to be held in Kona next summer.

NO: Shown above, from left to right, Melanie, Olivia, and John collect supplies to the event.